Market on the Outskirts of Tangier I, 2000
17'5 x 8'7 cm 40'5 x 49'5 cm
In the 19th century, the weakness of the Moroccan sultan leads to a progressive intervention into his internal affairs by western European countries, becoming a crossroad of interests for them all.
Between 1912 and 1913, the protectorates of Spain and France are definitively established and the occupation begins. Disagreement of the Riffian tribes with the mandate of judge Abd al-Krim will give place to a fierce dispute known as the Rif War that ended with the famous Al Hoceima landing carried out by Spanish and French troops in 1925.
From his participation in those historical events and of what would happen later in times of peace, my grandfather left me, in addition to his wonderful stories, a set of photographs and postcards that illustrate the Morocco of that time.
In 1940, the Tangier territory became annexed to the Spanish Protectorate in Morocco and violá, the testimony of the era when maintenance of law and order was the responsibility of the Regulars, Spanish army forces with indigenous Riffians. This fact is evident in the vigilant figure of the character that appears standing and towards the left in this image, observing the melon stand.
A High Commissioner under the command of the Spanish administration lead Spanish political action and was where orders and instructions came from, assisted in the military aspect by three commanders with headquarters in Ceuta, Melilla, and Larache.
To María del Carmen Gutiérrez Llamas, born in Ceuta in 1935.